Deductive and Inductive model

Good day Professor Vosmik & fellow classmates,

The Deductive and Inductive model share a commonality as well as significant difference. Both models are used to test hypothesis or theories in various settings however they still correlate. 

            The Inductive model is often used with scientific or mathematical research. The inductive reasoning is based on a collection of observations, inferences, or general understandings/principles. It’s the foundation to creating a hypothesis, a reasoning that stem from a specific case and can be applied to a general setting. “Induction is the basic took for theory building” (Page170). The inductive model can have a conclusion or result that differs from their initial understanding. An example of using the inductive model would be observing an individual’s behavior, and predicting their zodiac sign based on the general knowledge of all zodiac signs and the behavior that the individual displayed. The inductive reasoning will not guarantee that the statement is true however it focuses more so on human understanding or interpretation.

            The Deductive model is reasoning from generalized principles or ideologies that assist with predicting specific instances or conditions that are definite and authentic. The deduction model is used to test a hypothesis or theory to be truthful and accurate, with corresponding evidence to provide validity.  Deductive reasoning provides a more logical and strategically coordinated approach as the reasoning needs to be true. An example of the deductive reasoning  is all dolphins are mammals and all mammals have kidneys, therefore all dolphins have kidneys. Some consider the deductive reasoning to be an essential skill one can benefit from.


Ariel A.