Question 1

Which statement made by a student indicates the healthcare professional needs to describe the pericardium again?

a. The pericardium is a double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart.
b. It is made up of connective tissue and a surface layer of squamous cells.
c. The pericardium protects the heart against infection and inflammation from the
lungs and pleural space.
d. It contains pain and mechanoreceptors that can elicit reflex changes in blood
pressure and heart rate.

Question 2

A healthcare professional is assessing a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome. What findings does the professional relate to this condition?

a. An IQ of 25 to 70, low nasal bridge, protruding tongue, and flat, low-set ears
b. circumoral cyanosis, edema of the feet, short stature, and mental slowness
c. Widely spaced nipples, reduced carrying angle at the elbow,a nd sparse body hair
d. high-pitched voice, tall stature, gynecomastia, and an IQ of 60 to 90

Question 3

The data reporting that sickle cell disease affects approximately 1 in 600 American blacks is an example of which concept?

a. Incidence
b. Prevalence

c. Ratio
d. Risk

Question 4

Vaccinations are able to provide protection against certain microorganisms because of what?

a. Strong response from IgM
b. Level of protection provided by IgG
c. Rapid response from IgA
d. Memory cells for IgE

Question 5

Renal failure is the most common cause of which type of hyperparathyroidism?

a. Primary
b. Secondary
c. Exogenous
d. Inflammatory